Yeast infection is one of the most common problems in women. Yeast is a fungus that is found in small amounts in the vagina. Vaginal yeast infections, or vaginal candidiasis, can occur when yeast yeasts multiply in the vagina.  X Research Resources Symptoms can be mild to unbearable, but fortunately, most of these infections are easily curable. Just watch for symptoms such as pain, tenderness, itching, rash, and burning.
How to diagnose infection
Watch for symptoms. There are several physical symptoms of a yeast infection. The most common include:
Itching, burning, pain and general problems in the vaginal area.
Pain or burning when urinating or having sex.
Thick discharge (similar to cottage cheese) from the vagina. However, not all women experience these symptoms.
Focus on possible causes. If you’re not sure whether you have a yeast infection or not, consider the following common causes of infection:
Antibiotics – Many women develop yeast infections after taking antibiotics for a few days. Antibiotics also kill beneficial bacteria in the body, including those that prevent fungal overgrowth that can lead to yeast infections. If you have recently taken antibiotics and experience burning and itching in your vagina, you may have a yeast infection.
Menstrual Period – Women often develop yeast infections around the time of their menstrual period. If you experience any of the above symptoms and your period is approaching, you may have a yeast infection.
Hormonal contraceptives – Hormonal contraceptives and the pill then cause changes in hormone levels which can upset the balance of bacteria and lead to yeast infections.
Health problems – Some diseases, such as diabetes or HIV, can also cause yeast infections.
Pregnancy – Due to hormonal changes during pregnancy, yeast infections are more common.
Purchase a home test that will reveal yeast overgrowth. As with pregnancy, you can purchase a home test to determine if you have a yeast infection. The normal pH of the vagina is around 4, which is a bit acidic. Follow the directions on the leaflet.
Attach the test paper to the vagina and leave it there for a few seconds. Then compare the colors on the paper with the colors on the chart that accompanies the test. The number on the chart that best matches the color on the test paper indicates your vaginal pH level.
If the result is more than 4, you should consult a doctor. This is not a yeast infection, but it could be a sign of another infection.
If the number is less than 4, it is likely (but not certain) that you have a yeast infection.
Confirm your diagnosis with your doctor. If you have never had a yeast infection or are unsure of the diagnosis, you should see a gynecologist. The doctor or nurse will do a quick check and take a sample of your vaginal discharge so you can test the amount of yeast in a lab. Your doctor may order further tests to rule out other causes of your problem.
Although yeast infections are very common in women, they are sometimes not easy to diagnose. Studies have shown that only 35% of women who have had this infection can diagnose it based on their symptoms. Herpes outbreaks and allergic reactions to detergents, for example, often appear the same way.
Be aware that there are other causes of vaginal discharge and symptoms associated with yeast. You may have another infection, such as B. vaginal bacteriosis or trichomoniasis. For example, many of the symptoms of a yeast infection are the same as some STDs. If your yeast infection keeps coming back, your doctor may run special tests to determine if your infection is causing a type of bacteria other than yeast.
Pregnant women should not be treated for yeast infections without first consulting a doctor.
Start taking medicine
Be careful with self-medication. Know that you should only treat yeast if you really believe you have it. It is important to remember that many women are unable to pinpoint their diagnosis. If in doubt, you should consult a doctor.
Start taking prescription medication. Your doctor may prescribe medicines that come in one antifungal tablet containing fluconazole (Diflucan) and are taken by mouth. You will usually get rid of the symptoms within 12-24 hours.
This method of treatment is the fastest and most effective. If you have severe symptoms, see your doctor immediately so you can start treatment as soon as possible.
Use an ointment or cream. Ointments and creams are the most common form of treatment for yeast infections. Creams are available in pharmacies without a prescription. You can buy antifungal creams, ointments, or suppositories to insert into your vagina. You can find over-the-counter creams at any pharmacy and sometimes in supermarkets as well. If you are unsure about choosing a product, ask your pharmacist for help.
These drugs belong to a class of drugs called azoles and include clotrimazole (Mycelex), butoconazole (Gynezol or Femstat), miconazole nitrate (Monistat), and thioconazole (Vagistat-1). Each cream is used for a different length of time (some are applied only once, some are used for three days at a time). You should consult your doctor or pharmacist to choose the most suitable product for you.
Read carefully the instructions for the medication you buy in the brochure. In these instructions you will learn how to use the cream properly or how to insert a suppository into your vagina. It is important to follow them closely. If you are unsure, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
Carry out the treatment to the end. Do not stop taking the medicine as soon as you feel better and the symptoms go away. Take them for as long as it says on the leaflet.
If you’re taking over-the-counter medications and your symptoms don’t go away within 2-3 days, see your gynecologist and discuss other treatment options.
If you use antifungal creams and suppositories, be careful which condom you use. Some creams may contain oils that weaken latex condoms and cause them to tear.
You should know that treatment depends on the specific infection. Mild fungal infections go away within a few days of starting treatment, but treatment may take longer for more severe infections. Your doctor may prescribe medication that you can take for up to two weeks at a time.
If the infection keeps coming back, you should discuss this with your doctor as well. This could be a sign of a hormonal imbalance or a sign that you need to change your diet.
If you want to make sure you don’t have overgrown yeast, your doctor may prescribe medication (such as Diflucan or Fluconazole) to take once or twice a week for up to six months. Some doctors prescribe vaginal suppositories to be used once a week instead of pills.
home care method
Drink 100% cranberry juice. Cranberries can effectively treat and prevent yeast and urinary tract infections. However, you should only drink 100% sugar-free cranberry juice, as sugar can make your problem worse.
You can also buy cranberry tablets.
Cranberries are a gentle, non-invasive form of treatment that can be especially useful if you think you have yeast. If you already have an infection, it is only suitable as an adjunct to other treatments.
Eat or use white yogurt. You can eat it or apply it directly to the vagina. You can soak a tampon in yogurt, put it in the freezer, and then insert it into your vagina. Yogurt contains live bacterial cultures (Lactobacillus acidophilus) to restore the balance of healthy bacteria in the vagina.
Some women have found success after eating live cultured yogurt, but this method is not supported by any scientific evidence. Some studies show that yogurt has no special effects.
Take probiotics. You can also take probiotic tablets that contain Lactobacillus acidophilus, known as probiotics. You can get them at pharmacies and health food stores. Some women also use probiotic suppositories to relieve symptoms of yeast infections, but again, there is no evidence that these suppositories actually work.
In general, probiotics are safe because they contain bacteria that are abundant in the human body. In addition, some of them have been used for centuries, for example in fermented foods. However, more research is needed to find out whether probiotics are also safe for people with compromised immune systems such as young children or the elderly.
Always consult your doctor before taking probiotics or probiotic suppositories. Most doctors recommend taking probiotics in pill form.
Limit sugar and caffeine consumption. The sugar in chocolate, candy, and even fruit juice causes fluctuations in blood sugar that promote yeast growth. Caffeine can worsen the effects of this sugar by causing blood sugar levels to rise more quickly.
If you regularly suffer from yeast infections, you should limit your consumption of sugar and caffeine.
Watch what you wear. Avoid wearing tight pants and only wear cotton underwear that absorbs sweat to keep your vagina dry. Yeast thrives in moist and warm environments, so you should choose clothing that will allow you to keep your vagina dry and cool to prevent yeast from multiplying.
Change your underwear every day and wear loose pants and skirts.
If your clothes get wet, replace them with dry ones immediately, the same goes for swimwear and sportswear.
Avoid hot showers and hot tubs because yeast thrives in warm, humid environments.
Use Alka Seltzer tablets. While these tablets are used to treat stomach aches, motion sickness, and general body aches, you can also use them to treat the early stages of yeast infections.
Use apple cider vinegar: You can use apple cider vinegar diluted with cold water to rinse your vagina. You can use this mixture once or twice a day, or apply apple cider vinegar directly to the vagina with a cotton swab. This will reduce inflammation and relieve itching associated with yeast infections.
Use Coconut Oil: Coconut oil can help you a lot with yeast infections. If you apply it to your vagina regularly, you will get rid of the Candida bacteria and the yeast infection will go away.
Garlic: Garlic is another effective way to get rid of yeast infections. Cut a clove of garlic in half and put it in your vagina for the night. Repeat this process for several nights in a row. However, be careful – garlic can cause a burning sensation and will not avoid unpleasant odors.