Most minor injuries, such as cuts or scrapes, can be treated at home. However, if you have a wound or a more serious infection, you may need medical help to get it resolved properly.
Minor wound care at home
Use pressure to stop the bleeding. Wash your hands and place a clean bandage or cloth over the wound. Clean hands prevent you from transferring bacteria from your hands to your wound. Pressure slows bleeding and helps blood clot.
Stop the bleeding with pressure. Wash your hands and place a clean bandage or cloth over the wound. Clean hands prevent you from transferring bacteria from your hands to your wound. Pressure slows bleeding and helps blood clot.
Clean the wound. Rinse with clean water to remove dirt and other particles that can cause infection. Wash the area around the wound with soap and a clean cloth. Then gently dry the area.
If not all the dirt can be removed with running water, use tweezers. Wash and sterilize the alcohol with tweezers before use. You can then use it to remove any particles that have gotten into the wound. If you can’t get rid of all the distractions, go to the emergency room, where your doctor will help you.
If you have a larger object in your wound, don’t pull it out. See a doctor who will carefully remove it to avoid further injury.
Do not clean the wound with a cotton swab as this can leave lint in it, increasing the risk of infection and making healing difficult.
Prevent infection with topical antibiotics. After stopping the bleeding and cleaning the wound, apply an antibiotic ointment to protect against infection. For example, you can buy Neosporin or Polysporin, which are over-the-counter medications at almost every pharmacy. Use the ointment for a day or two.
Prevent infection with topical antibiotics. After stopping the bleeding and cleaning the wound, apply an antibiotic ointment to protect against infection. For example, you can buy Neosporin or Polysporin, which are over-the-counter drugs at almost every pharmacy. Use the ointment for a day or two.
Do not use antiseptic disinfectants such as alcohol or hydrogen peroxide. These products can damage tissue and delay healing.
Cover the wound with a bandage. This prevents the transfer of bacteria and other contaminants into the wound. Depending on where the wound is, a regular plaster can be used. If the wound is larger or close to a joint, it may need to be bandaged to prevent the movement barrier from coming off.
Do not bandage too tightly to prevent blood flow.
Change the bandage daily to prevent infection. If your bandage gets wet or dirty, change it sooner.
When showering, use a waterproof bandage or an artificial wrap to keep the wound dry.
Watch for signs of infection. If you suspect an infection, go to the emergency room. Signs of infection are:
increasing pain over time
Wounds that require medical attention
If you are seriously injured, go to the emergency room. If you have a serious wound, don’t try to heal it yourself. Have someone take you to the hospital or call an ambulance. Medical care is required for severe bleeding or injury that may have lasting consequences. This includes:
arterial injury. If you get bright red blood with every heartbeat, call an ambulance. Early medical attention is very important to avoid excessive blood loss.
Bleeding that doesn’t stop even after a few minutes of pressure. Such bleeding may occur if you have a severe or deep wound, if you have a hematopoietic disorder, or if you are taking anticoagulants.
Sores that prevent you from moving or feeling parts of your body. This can indicate a deeper injury to the bone or tendon.
Foreign body wound. Common objects stuck in the wound are glass, splinters, or stones. Your doctor will remove these objects from your wound to prevent infection.
A long wound that is difficult to heal. If the wound is larger than 5 cm, it will need stitches.
wounds on the face. Facial injuries require professional treatment to avoid scarring.
Wounds are at high risk of infection. These are wounds contaminated with feces, bodily fluids (including plums from animal and human bites), or feces.
Get medical help for your injury. The treatment your doctor recommends will likely depend on whether the wound is infected. If you don’t have an infected wound, your doctor will clean it and heal it, preventing scarring. There are several techniques doctors can use to close wounds:
stitches. Wounds longer than 5 cm can be sutured with sterile sutures. Your doctor will remove your stitches after 5-7 days (smaller cuts) or after 7-14 days (larger cuts). Your doctor may also use threads, which will dissolve on their own after a few weeks. Don’t try to delete the thread yourself. Other injuries or wound infections may occur.
Adhesive for binding fabric. It is applied to the edges of the wound to hold it together. After drying, the wound closes and the glue disappears after a week.
circle stitch. Actually, this is not a classic stitch. Adhesive strips are used to keep the wound closed. Once the wound has healed, the doctor will remove it for you. Don’t try to remove it yourself.
Let the doctor heal your infected wound. If you have an infection, your doctor will treat it before the wound closes. If your wound is closed and an infection has developed, it can spread. Therefore, doctors can:
Collect samples for examination and identification to determine the most appropriate treatment.
Clean the wound and bandage it with a bandage that protects it from closure.
After a few days, ask for a checkup to see if the infection has cleared. If so, then he will seal your wound.
tetanus vaccine. If the wound is deep or dirty and you haven’t been vaccinated in the past five years, your doctor may want to give you a tetanus shot.
Tetanus is a bacterial infection. These are also called “chewing muscle spasms” because they can cause the jaw and neck muscles to tighten. It can also cause breathing problems and is generally fatal.
There is no cure for tetanus, so it is best to get vaccinated regularly.
If you have a wound that doesn’t heal, visit a special ward for this case. Non-healing wounds are wounds that have not healed completely after two weeks or after half a year. Similar injuries include pressure sores, surgical wounds, radiation, diabetic injuries, poor blood flow, or leg swelling. At the Serious Wound Care Center you have:
Nurses, doctors and physical therapists will teach you how to clean wounds properly and what exercises to do to keep the blood flowing.
Special therapy to remove dead tissue. Dead tissue can be removed with a whirlpool or jet, or with a product that dissolves it and a dry pad that absorbs the dead tissue as it dries.
Specific healing procedures include: compression stockings to increase circulation, ultrasound to stimulate healing, artificial skin to protect the wound during treatment, removal of fluid from the wound with negative pressure therapy to aid healing, and hyperbaric oxygen therapy to improve circulation.